Reasons for dating biological immunization preparations

Guidance documents are administrative instruments not having force of law and, as such, allow for flexibility in approach.

Alternate approaches to the principles and practices described in this document may be acceptable provided they are supported by adequate scientific justification.

The use of dormitory-style refrigerators is specifically prohibited for storage of VFC vaccines or other vaccines purchased with public funds.

A "dormitory-style" refrigerator is a small combination refrigerator/freezer unit that is outfitted with one exterior door and an evaporator plate (cooling coil), which is usually located inside an icemaker compartment (freezer) within the refrigerator.

Abstract: From a virtual absence of routine infant immunization in the 1970s to their current state, national immunization programmes in Africa have come a very long way.

This article describes an independent evaluation process undertaken to assess whether ...

Email: [email protected] ; Accepted 5 July 2004.Furthermore, the review addresses the issue of local reactions in the context of injection route and local tissue disturbance.Possible new applications of aluminium adjuvants in, for example, combined aluminium-adsorbed protein and DNA oligonucleotide vaccines as well as the possible use of aluminium adjuvants in combination with IL-12 to stimulate Th1-type immune responses are mentioned.Open Access platform, Annals of Vaccines and Immunization supports the scientific innovation and advancement in vaccines including biological preparation that improves an individual's immune system by increasing access to peer reviewed scientific literature.A vaccine is a biological preparation that provides active acquired immunity to a particular disease.This type of unit has severe temperature control and stability issues.

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